In the current manuscript, we examined how calling functions among samples of involuntarily unemployed adults. In Study 1, with a large Internet-based sample, involuntarily unemployed adults were just as likely as employed adults to perceive a calling, but were signiﬁcantly less likely to feel they were living a calling. In Study 2, with a sample of 144 involuntarily unemployed adults, the link between calling and coping with job loss was explored. Speciﬁcally, a structural model was tested whereby the link of calling to four coping styles was hypothesized to be mediated by motivation to pursue a calling. The model was found to be a good ﬁt to the data. Calling motivation was a signiﬁcant mediator in the link of calling to positive assessment, proactive search, and non-work organization and none of the direct paths of calling to each coping style was signiﬁcant after including calling motivation in the model.
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