Cross-sectional and longitudinal predictors of wellbeing: invariance across 25 years

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Cross-sectional and longitudinal predictors of wellbeing: invariance across 25 years

This study addressed: (a) whether any changes in well-being over time could be attributed to participants’ aging or to economic or historical events; (b) whether predictors (e.g. age religiosity and financial status) were similarly associated with well-being in cohorts of college seniors assessed at different times; and (c) whether predictors of well-being were similar for the same cohort over a 25-year time span. Using three cohorts of emerging adults (1982 n = 189; 2007 n = 188; and 2010 n = 79) and a subsample of the 1982 cohort followed across 25 years (n = 83) the findings indicated that well-being declined over time possibly due to historical influences rather than changes associated with aging. Well-being was similarly predicted by religiosity relationship status and financial status across cohorts. Longitudinal analyses indicated that earlier religiosity was inversely associated with later financial status and later financial status was associated with higher well-being.

Citation: 
The Journal of Positive Psychology , 2014 Vol. 9, No. 4, 350 – 365

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