Abstract: Diabetes coaching is emerging as an important role in self-management andcare. The conceptualization of coaching, and how to implement and evaluatecoaching has not been articulated in the literature. The aim of the study was toreview the literature to: (i) identify the components of coaching using a vali-dated framework, including the description of the role of technology;(ii) describe the implementation and evaluation measures for diabetes coach-ing; and (iii) propose a diabetes coaching model for future implementation.The EMBASE, MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied HealthLiterature (CINAHL), PsychINFO and Cochrane Central Register of Con-trolled Trials databases were searched from inception to January 2015. Twoevaluators independently screened and extracted data from eligible studies fordescriptions of coaching. Eight trials met the selection criteria, with no consist-ency in the core components of coaching. However, elements noted across allstudies included goal setting, diabetes knowledge acquisition, individualizedcare, and frequent follow-up. Only two studies leveraged technology for coach-ing communication purposes. Diabetes coaching is an intervention that cansupport the ongoing and complex needs of patients; however, implementationand evaluation strategies are limited in the literature. A diabetes coachingmodel is presented, derived from components identified throughout the litera-ture with direction for implementation and evaluation approaches, and optimalintegration into the healthcare system.
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