Positive Psychology

Self-compassion, a better alternative to rumination than distraction as a response to negative mood

Self-compassion – having a healthy, mindful and kind self-attitude – may be a better way to cope with negative experiences than distraction. This was tested in 152 undergraduates who underwent a negative mood induction and then completed either a self-compassionate writing task or a distraction task....

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The challenge–skill balance and antecedents of flow: A meta-analytic investigation

Flow is an intrinsically motivating state of consciousness characterized by simultaneous perception of high challenge and skill. The position that challenge–skill balance is the primary antecedent for achieving a flow state is unclear, and more research is needed to examine its impact on flow within multiple domains....

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Integrating psychological and cultural perspectives on virtue: The hierarchical structure of character strengths

The VIA Classification characterizes six culturally defined virtues as latent variables underlying 24 character strengths. Factor analyses of measures based on the Classification usually suggest 4–5 factors that do not correspond well to traditional lists of virtues....

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Implicit theories of intellectual virtues and vices: A focus on intellectual humility

The study of intellectual humility is still in its early stages and issues of definition and measurement are only now being explored....

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The coaching ripple effect: The effects of developmental coaching on wellbeing across organisational networks

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Is courage always a virtue? Suicide, killing, and bad courage

Is it always good to be courageous? We have proposed elsewhere that the subjective nature of judging the worth of a goal may on occasion lead to bad courage: When an actor voluntarily assumes personal risk for a goal he or she believes is noble but society views as a wrong....

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Books on Character Strengths

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Books on Resilience

Selected books on resilience that complement MasterClass: Creating Resilient Minds

Gender differences in the person-activity fit for positive psychology interventions

Research on positive psychology interventions (PPIs) has established the value of activities such as acts of kindness, gratitude, and savoring life’s joys, for increasing individuals’ sense of well-being. Critical to the efficacy of PPIs is person-activity fit – the degree activities stem from intrinsic motivation....

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Doors opening: A mechanism for growth after adversity

People commonly experience positive psychological changes after adversity, but little is known about how this growth happens. We propose that engagement with new possibilities – seeing ‘doors opening’ in the wake of loss – is key in this process....

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